Orson Welles

Orson Welles

George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985), best known as Orson Welles, was an American film director, actor, theatre director, screenwriter, and producer, who worked extensively in film, theatre, television and radio. Noted for his innovative dramatic productions as well as his distinctive voice and personality, Welles is widely acknowledged as one of the most accomplished dramatic artists of the twentieth century, especially for his significant and influential early work—despite his notoriously contentious relationship with Hollywood. His distinctive directorial style featured layered, nonlinear narrative forms, innovative uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unique camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, and long takes. Welles's long career in film is noted for his struggle for artistic control in the face of pressure from studios. Many of his films were heavily edited and others left unreleased. He has been praised as a major creative force and as "the ultimate auteur." After directing a number of high-profile theatrical productions in his early twenties, including an innovative adaptation of Macbeth and The Cradle Will Rock, Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells's novel The War of the Worlds performed for the radio drama anthology series Mercury Theatre on the Air. It was reported to have caused widespread panic when listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was occurring. Although these reports of panic were mostly false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to instant notoriety. Citizen Kane (1941), his first film with RKO, in which he starred in the role of Charles Foster Kane, is often considered the greatest film ever made. Several of his other films, including The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), The Lady from Shanghai (1947), Touch of Evil (1958), Chimes at Midnight (1965), and F for Fake (1974), are also widely considered to be masterpieces. In 2002, he was voted the greatest film director of all time in two separate British Film Institute polls among directors and critics, and a wide survey of critical consensus, best-of lists, and historical retrospectives calls him the most acclaimed director of all time. Andrew Sarris in his influential book of film criticism The American Cinema: Directors and Directions 1929–1968 included him in the "pantheon" of the 14 greatest film directors who had worked in the United States. Well known for his baritone voice, Welles was also an extremely well regarded actor and was voted number 16 in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Stars list of the greatest American film actors of all time. He was also a celebrated Shakespearean stage actor and an accomplished magician, starring in troop variety shows in the war years.
    Known for
    Directing
    Place of birth
    Kenosha, Wisconsin, USA
    Birthday
    5/6/1915
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
8
Chimes at Midnight
Chimes at Midnight
7.2
Treasure Island
Treasure Island
5.4
Jane Eyre
Jane Eyre
6.8
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
6.1
Macbeth
Macbeth
7.3
Compulsion
Compulsion
7
F for Fake
F for Fake
7.4
Mr. Arkadin
Mr. Arkadin
6.9
Three Cases of Murder
Three Cases of Murder
5.7
Malpertuis
Malpertuis
6.4
The Man Who Saw Tomorrow
The Man Who Saw Tomorrow
7.1
Othello
Othello
7.4
The Late Great Planet Earth
The Late Great Planet Earth
3.7
David and Goliath
David and Goliath
3.6
Black Magic
Black Magic
6.1
Future Shock
4.7
Filming Othello
Filming Othello
7.3
Mysterious Castles of Clay
Mysterious Castles of Clay
5.8
Tudo é Brasil
Tudo é Brasil
6.2
Return to Glennascaul: A Story That Is Told in Dublin
Return to Glennascaul: A Story That Is Told in Dublin
6.5
Is It Always Right to Be Right?
Is It Always Right to Be Right?
5.8
King Lear
King Lear
8
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
6
The Greatest Adventure--The Story of Man's Voyage to the Moon
The Greatest Adventure--The Story of Man's Voyage to the Moon
0
Orson Welles in Spain
5
Crack in the Mirror
Crack in the Mirror
7.5
Ten Days That Shook the World
Ten Days That Shook the World
6.3
Flame of Persia
Flame of Persia
0
Tut: The Boy King
0
The Spirit of Charles Lindbergh
The Spirit of Charles Lindbergh
5.9
Vienna
Vienna
6
The Hearts of Age
The Hearts of Age
5.4
Who's Out There?
Who's Out There?
6.3
A Step Away
0
The Last Sailors: The Final Days of Working Sail
The Last Sailors: The Final Days of Working Sail
9
Necromancy
Necromancy
4.5
Moby Dick
Moby Dick
0
Orson Welles' Magic Show
Orson Welles' Magic Show
6.3
Filming 'The Trial'
Filming 'The Trial'
7
Portrait: Orson Welles
Portrait: Orson Welles
5.8
Directed by John Ford
Directed by John Ford
6.8
The Fight for Rome II - The Betrayal
The Fight for Rome II - The Betrayal
6.7
Freedom River
6.3
London
London
0
An Evening with Orson Welles: The Golden Honeymoon
An Evening with Orson Welles: The Golden Honeymoon
0
From Fiber to Fabric: Wool's a Natural
From Fiber to Fabric: Wool's a Natural
0
A Horse Called Nijinsky
A Horse Called Nijinsky
10
The Orson Welles Show
The Orson Welles Show
0
The Greenstone
The Greenstone
1.5
The Quest for Fire Adventure
The Quest for Fire Adventure
6
Working with Orson Welles
Working with Orson Welles
5.7
Bugs Bunny: Superstar
Bugs Bunny: Superstar
7.3
The Enchanted Journey
The Enchanted Journey
7.8
The Hitch Hiker
The Hitch Hiker
0
The Welles Raft
The Welles Raft
0
High Journey
High Journey
6
Orson Welles: The Paris Interview
Orson Welles: The Paris Interview
4
Around the World of Mike Todd
Around the World of Mike Todd
6
Battle for Survival
0
The Other Side of Welles
The Other Side of Welles
0
Orson Welles at the Cinémathèque Française
Orson Welles at the Cinémathèque Française
0
Hopper/Welles
Hopper/Welles
5.3
The Cave
The Cave
0
The Challenge... A Tribute to Modern Art
The Challenge... A Tribute to Modern Art
5.8
Rosabella - La storia italiana di Orson Welles
Rosabella - La storia italiana di Orson Welles
0
Orson Welles at Large: Portrait of Gina
Orson Welles at Large: Portrait of Gina
6.7
Mexico City, Old and New
0
Lords of the Forest
Lords of the Forest
6
River of the Ocean
0
Salvador Dalí: A Soft Self-Portrait
0
Kelly Country
0
Power and Corruption
0
The Lions of Capitalism: Some Call It Greed
0
The Enemy Before Us
0
The Man Who Came to Dinner
The Man Who Came to Dinner
0
To Try Again... and Succeed
0
The New Media Bible: Book of Genesis
0
Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park
0
Search for the Titanic
0
A Gift of Harvest
0
In Our Hands
0
Almonds and Raisins
Almonds and Raisins
0
Wagner e Venezia
0
Shogun
Shogun
6.2
The New Deal for Artists
The New Deal for Artists
0
NBC: The First Fifty Years
0
Magnificent Monsters of the Deep
0
Orson Welles' Sketch Book
Orson Welles' Sketch Book
6.5
King Penguin: Stranded Beyond the Falklands
0
Out of Darkness
0
Disorder Is 20 Years Old
0
A Legend a Lifetime: Citizen Welles
0
Orson Welles - The Marketed Genius
0
Embers & Dust
Embers & Dust
6.7
Caesar's Guide to Gaming with Orson Welles
Caesar's Guide to Gaming with Orson Welles
0
The Land of the Basques
The Land of the Basques
0
Beggars Would Ride
Beggars Would Ride
0
The Lost Print: The Making of Orson Welles’ The Magnificent Ambersons
0
American: An Odyssey to 1947
American: An Odyssey to 1947
0
The Dominici Affair by Orson Welles
The Dominici Affair by Orson Welles
6
Orson Welles in the Land of Don Quixote
Orson Welles in the Land of Don Quixote
5.5
The Dreamers
The Dreamers
5
From Introduction to Orson Welles’s Falstaff: Chimes at Midnight
From Introduction to Orson Welles’s Falstaff: Chimes at Midnight
0
The Witching
The Witching
0
Magic with the Stars
Magic with the Stars
0
Tall Tales: The Ireland of Orson Welles
Tall Tales: The Ireland of Orson Welles
9
It's Pretty, but is it Art?
It's Pretty, but is it Art?
0
The Lady from Shanghai
The Lady from Shanghai
7.4
Tomorrow Is Forever
Tomorrow Is Forever
6.1
The Black Rose
The Black Rose
6.6
Prince of Foxes
Prince of Foxes
6
Orson Welles: The One-Man Band
Orson Welles: The One-Man Band
6.4
The Secret Life of Nikola Tesla
The Secret Life of Nikola Tesla
6.1
Tepepa
Tepepa
6.6
A Safe Place
A Safe Place
5.4
The Immortal Story
The Immortal Story
7.2
Ferry to Hong Kong
Ferry to Hong Kong
5.5
It Happened One Christmas
It Happened One Christmas
3.2
I'll Never Forget What's'isname
I'll Never Forget What's'isname
5.5
Trouble in the Glen
Trouble in the Glen
5.7
The Tartars
The Tartars
4.9
Hot Money
Hot Money
2
Man, Beast and Virtue
Man, Beast and Virtue
6.7
The Fight for Rome
The Fight for Rome
5.2
Sentinels of Silence
Sentinels of Silence
6
To Build a Fire
To Build a Fire
7.6
Soft Self-Portrait of Salvador Dali
Soft Self-Portrait of Salvador Dali
1
NASA: A Space Odyssey Vol. 3
NASA: A Space Odyssey Vol. 3
0
Genocide
Genocide
7.2
South Seas Adventure
South Seas Adventure
5.7
Natalie - A Tribute to a Very Special Lady
6
Baryshnikov in Hollywood
Baryshnikov in Hollywood
0
The Magic History of Cinema
0
Man in the Shadow
Man in the Shadow
6.8
Lucifer et moi
Lucifer et moi
0
Miss Goodall and the Wild Chimpanzees
Miss Goodall and the Wild Chimpanzees
0
Touch of Evil
Touch of Evil
7.8
Twelve Plus One
Twelve Plus One
5.3
The Stranger
The Stranger
7.3
House of Cards
House of Cards
4.9
Don Quixote
Don Quixote
6.1
Waterloo
Waterloo
7.1
Butterfly
Butterfly
5.4
The Southern Star
The Southern Star
6.9
Trent's Last Case
Trent's Last Case
5.5
The Force Beyond
The Force Beyond
4.3
Marco the Magnificent
Marco the Magnificent
6
A King's Story
A King's Story
5.7
An Arabian Night
0
It's Not All True
It's Not All True
6.6
The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast: Michael Landon
0
Doug Henning's World of Magic
Doug Henning's World of Magic
0
Let Poland Be Poland
0
Vive le cinema!
Vive le cinema!
0
Emergency: Donald Trump’s "Touch of Evil"
Emergency: Donald Trump’s "Touch of Evil"
0
Looking Back Before You Leap
Looking Back Before You Leap
0
The Third Man
The Third Man
7.9
The Trial
The Trial
7.4
The Long, Hot Summer
The Long, Hot Summer
7.1
Ten Days' Wonder
Ten Days' Wonder
6.5
The Road to Bresson
The Road to Bresson
6.8
Upon This Rock
Upon This Rock
0
This Is Orson Welles
This Is Orson Welles
7.8
The Finest Hours
The Finest Hours
6.3
Oedipus the King
4.7
Disorder
Disorder
5
They'll Love Me When I'm Dead
They'll Love Me When I'm Dead
7.2
The Eyes of Orson Welles
The Eyes of Orson Welles
7.3
Welles' Language
Welles' Language
6
Othelo, O Grande
Othelo, O Grande
0
A Man for All Seasons
A Man for All Seasons
7.3
The Transformers: The Movie
The Transformers: The Movie
7.1
Journey into Fear
Journey into Fear
6.1
Too Much Johnson
Too Much Johnson
5.3
The Sailor from Gibraltar
The Sailor from Gibraltar
5.7
The Roots of Heaven
The Roots of Heaven
6.2
The Merchant of Venice
The Merchant of Venice
9
With Orson Welles: Stories from a Life in Film
0
The Well
The Well
0
The Deep
The Deep
0
AFI Life Achievement Award: 50th Anniversary Special
AFI Life Achievement Award: 50th Anniversary Special
8
Casino Royale
Casino Royale
5.3
Ro.Go.Pa.G.
Ro.Go.Pa.G.
7.2
Slapstick (Of Another Kind)
Slapstick (Of Another Kind)
2.7
Get to Know Your Rabbit
Get to Know Your Rabbit
5.2
The Spanish Earth
The Spanish Earth
6.7
Where Is Parsifal?
Where Is Parsifal?
4.3
Rita Hayworth: Dancing Into the Dream
Rita Hayworth: Dancing Into the Dream
6.5
The Double McGuffin
The Double McGuffin
5.3
The Battle of Neretva
The Battle of Neretva
6.6
The V.I.P.s
The V.I.P.s
6.3
The Fountain of Youth
The Fountain of Youth
6.2
Someone to Love
Someone to Love
5.3
Lafayette
Lafayette
5
The Psychic Connection
The Psychic Connection
0
Clint Eastwood: The Last Legend
Clint Eastwood: The Last Legend
7.2
Alfonso Sansone: Producer by Chance
Alfonso Sansone: Producer by Chance
0
The Magnificent Ambersons
The Magnificent Ambersons
7.3
It's All True
It's All True
7.5
The Battle of Austerlitz
The Battle of Austerlitz
6.8
Know Your Ally: Britain
Know Your Ally: Britain
4.6
Shut Up Little Man! An Audio Misadventure
Shut Up Little Man! An Audio Misadventure
5.3
The Biggest Battle
The Biggest Battle
4.6
According to Occam's Razor
According to Occam's Razor
0
And Then There Were None
And Then There Were None
5.7
Swiss Family Robinson
Swiss Family Robinson
5.3
Frank Sinatra: The First 40 Years
Frank Sinatra: The First 40 Years
0
History of the World: Part I
History of the World: Part I
6.8
Catch-22
Catch-22
6.7
A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies
A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies
7.9
Brasil
Brasil
6.4
The Kremlin Letter
The Kremlin Letter
6
Hot Tomorrows
Hot Tomorrows
6
Start the Revolution Without Me
Start the Revolution Without Me
5.8
A Huey P. Newton Story
A Huey P. Newton Story
5.2
Parkinson at 50
Parkinson at 50
10
Jeanne Moreau: Free Spirit
Jeanne Moreau: Free Spirit
7
Lon Chaney: A Thousand Faces
Lon Chaney: A Thousand Faces
6.5
Moby Dick
Moby Dick
7
Follow the Boys
Follow the Boys
5.3
The Blinding of Isaac Woodard
The Blinding of Isaac Woodard
0
Jodorowsky's Dune
Jodorowsky's Dune
7.9
The Battle Over Citizen Kane
The Battle Over Citizen Kane
7.2
The Battle of Sutjeska
The Battle of Sutjeska
6.4
A Life for Movies: Lotte Eisner
A Life for Movies: Lotte Eisner
9
Rita
Rita
8.5
Lost in La Mancha
Lost in La Mancha
7.1
The Best of the Dean Martin Celebrity Roasts
5
The Muppet Movie
The Muppet Movie
7.2
The Great Buster: A Celebration
The Great Buster: A Celebration
7.1
The Vikings
The Vikings
7
The Paranormal Peter Sellers
The Paranormal Peter Sellers
0
Natalie Wood: What Remains Behind
Natalie Wood: What Remains Behind
6.4
Magician: The Astonishing Life and Work of Orson Welles
Magician: The Astonishing Life and Work of Orson Welles
6.7
Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff
Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff
6.9
Notre Dame de la Croisette
Notre Dame de la Croisette
6
Is Paris Burning?
Is Paris Burning?
7.1
Voyage of the Damned
Voyage of the Damned
6
Who Is Henry Jaglom?
Who Is Henry Jaglom?
6.6
The Muppets: A Celebration of 30 Years
The Muppets: A Celebration of 30 Years
5
La Classe américaine
La Classe américaine
7.7
Street Gang: How We Got to Sesame Street
Street Gang: How We Got to Sesame Street
7.4
Napoleon
Napoleon
6.3
King of Kings
King of Kings
7.1
Edge of Outside
Edge of Outside
5.8
Royal Affairs in Versailles
Royal Affairs in Versailles
7
Filmmakers vs. Tycoons
Filmmakers vs. Tycoons
6.2
Duel in the Sun
Duel in the Sun
6.4
Show-Business at War
Show-Business at War
7
Celebração - 100 Anos do Cinema Nacional
Celebração - 100 Anos do Cinema Nacional
0
The Other Side of the Wind
The Other Side of the Wind
6.7
Final Cut: Ladies and Gentlemen
Final Cut: Ladies and Gentlemen
7.6
Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?
Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?
5.7
Night of 100 Stars
Night of 100 Stars
6
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