Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (13 August 1926 – 25 November 2016) was a Cuban revolutionary and politician who served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and President from 1976 to 2008. Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, he also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party communist state; industry and business were nationalized, and state socialist reforms were implemented throughout society. Born in Birán, Oriente, the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist and anti-imperialist ideas while studying law at the University of Havana. After participating in rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he planned the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, launching a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953. After a year's imprisonment, Castro traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Ernesto "Che" Guevara. Returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war against Batista's forces from the Sierra Maestra. After Batista's overthrow in 1959, Castro assumed military and political power as Cuba's Prime Minister. The United States came to oppose Castro's government and unsuccessfully attempted to remove him by assassination, economic blockade, and counter-revolution, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961. Countering these threats, Castro aligned with the Soviet Union and allowed the Soviets to place nuclear weapons in Cuba, resulting in the Cuban Missile Crisis – a defining incident of the Cold War – in 1962. Adopting a Marxist–Leninist model of development, Castro converted Cuba into a one-party, socialist state under Communist Party rule, the first in the Western Hemisphere. Policies introducing central economic planning and expanding healthcare and education were accompanied by state control of the press and the suppression of internal dissent. Abroad, Castro supported anti-imperialist revolutionary groups, backing the establishment of Marxist governments in Chile, Nicaragua, and Grenada, as well as sending troops to aid allies in the Yom Kippur, Ogaden, and Angolan Civil War. These actions, coupled with Castro's leadership of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1979 to 1983 and Cuba's medical internationalism, increased Cuba's profile on the world stage. Following the Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991, Castro led Cuba through the economic downturn of the "Special Period", embracing environmentalist and anti-globalization ideas. In the 2000s, Castro forged alliances in the Latin American "pink tide" – namely with Hugo Chávez's Venezuela – and formed the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas. In 2006, Castro transferred his responsibilities to Vice President Raúl Castro, who was elected to the presidency by the National Assembly in 2008. Description above from the Wikipedia article Fidel Castro, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.
    Known for
    Acting
    Place of birth
    Birán, Cuba
    Birthday
    8/13/1926
Looking For Fidel
Looking For Fidel
6
638 Ways to Kill Castro
638 Ways to Kill Castro
5.6
The Necessary War
The Necessary War
5
My Brother, Fidel
My Brother, Fidel
5.2
The Cuban Game
0
Fidel Racconta il Che
Fidel Racconta il Che
0
Un Giorno con Fidel
Un Giorno con Fidel
0
Cuba 30 Anni Dopo
Cuba 30 Anni Dopo
0
Ernesto Che Guevara - Uomo, Compagno, Amico
Ernesto Che Guevara - Uomo, Compagno, Amico
0
Looking for Fidel
Looking for Fidel
0
El Diálogo de América
El Diálogo de América
0
Fidel Castro: America's Nemesis
Fidel Castro: America's Nemesis
0
General Assembly
5
Muerte al invasor
Muerte al invasor
5.3
Castro: The World's Most Watched Man
Castro: The World's Most Watched Man
6
Cuba: Battle of the 10,000,000
Cuba: Battle of the 10,000,000
6.5
The CIA's War Against Cuba
The CIA's War Against Cuba
0
Cuba, un aller et un retour
Cuba, un aller et un retour
0
Cuba, el valor de una utopía
Cuba, el valor de una utopía
0
I Am a Son of America
I Am a Son of America
5
Fidel Castro: Life for the Revolution
Fidel Castro: Life for the Revolution
5
Yanki No!
Yanki No!
6.3
Fidel
Fidel
4
The Uncompromising Revolution
0
Cuba and Fidel
0
And Heaven Was Taken by Storm
And Heaven Was Taken by Storm
6
Kubánske otázniky
0
Cuba: In the Shadow of Doubt
0
The Society of the Spectacle
The Society of the Spectacle
6.6
Rafters
Rafters
6.6
General Idi Amin Dada
General Idi Amin Dada
6.9
The Secret KGB JFK Assassination Files
The Secret KGB JFK Assassination Files
5
Memories of Overdevelopment
5.8
Lejos de la isla
0
Waiting for Fidel
Waiting for Fidel
5.8
Being Fidel Castro
0
Castro in Winter
5.2
Nobody
6.5
Cuba and the Cameraman
Cuba and the Cameraman
7.5
Celia - la más hermosa flor
Celia - la más hermosa flor
0
Chop Chop Chang: Operation C.H.I.M.P
Chop Chop Chang: Operation C.H.I.M.P
4
Chavismo: The Plague of the 21st Century
Chavismo: The Plague of the 21st Century
5.5
American Expose: Who Murdered JFK?
American Expose: Who Murdered JFK?
0
Dear Fidel: Marita's Story
5.3
Portrait of Castro's Cuba
0
CBS Reports: The CIA's Secret Army
0
Franco and Fidel: A Strange Friendship
Franco and Fidel: A Strange Friendship
0
CUBA: Defending Socialism, Resisting Imperialism
CUBA: Defending Socialism, Resisting Imperialism
0
The Padilla Affair
The Padilla Affair
7
Compromiso con Chile
Compromiso con Chile
0
Chile, el gran desafío
Chile, el gran desafío
0
8A
8A
0
Comandante
Comandante
6.5
Chile: A Genral Record
Chile: A Genral Record
6
The Fog of War
The Fog of War
7.7
I Am Cuba, the Siberian Mammoth
I Am Cuba, the Siberian Mammoth
7.2
Surplus: Terrorized Into Being Consumers
Surplus: Terrorized Into Being Consumers
6.4
RFK Must Die: The Assassination of Bobby Kennedy
RFK Must Die: The Assassination of Bobby Kennedy
7
Angola: The War
Angola: The War
0
Elián
Elián
6.5
Oswald's Ghost
Oswald's Ghost
6
Salvador Allende
Salvador Allende
6.6
A History of an Assignment
A History of an Assignment
0
Two Meetings and a Funeral
0
Ethel
Ethel
6.9
Historien ska frikänna mig
Historien ska frikänna mig
0
Did the Mob Kill JFK?
Did the Mob Kill JFK?
6
Salut les Cubains
Salut les Cubains
7.5
¡Cuba Sí!
¡Cuba Sí!
7.6
The Mayor
The Mayor
5.8
Santiago Files
Santiago Files
0
Brascuba
Brascuba
0
Anxiety. Thoughts of an Old Man
Anxiety. Thoughts of an Old Man
0
Far from Vietnam
Far from Vietnam
7.1
The Hour of the Furnaces
The Hour of the Furnaces
6.8
Improper Conduct
Improper Conduct
5.6
On Company Business
On Company Business
5.5
El Che
El Che
5.8
Naqoyqatsi
Naqoyqatsi
6.1
The Man Who Saved the World
The Man Who Saved the World
7
La Rabbia di Pasolini
La Rabbia di Pasolini
7.2
Cuban Rebel Girls
Cuban Rebel Girls
2.2
Soviet Union: The Rise and Fall - Part 2
Soviet Union: The Rise and Fall - Part 2
0
Amérique latine, l'année de tous les dangers
Amérique latine, l'année de tous les dangers
0
A Grin Without a Cat
A Grin Without a Cat
7.7
Andança: Os Encontros e as Memórias de Beth Carvalho
Andança: Os Encontros e as Memórias de Beth Carvalho
8.5
The War on Democracy
The War on Democracy
7.5
ReMastered: Massacre at the Stadium
ReMastered: Massacre at the Stadium
7.4
South of the Border
South of the Border
5.7
The Kennedy Detail
The Kennedy Detail
5
Jack Paar: Smart Television
Jack Paar: Smart Television
0
Another Day of Life
Another Day of Life
7.5
Assassinating Franco
Assassinating Franco
0
Beyond JFK: The Question of Conspiracy
Beyond JFK: The Question of Conspiracy
5.6
I Am Jackie O
I Am Jackie O
8
537 Votes
537 Votes
7.7
The Mystery of Marilyn Monroe: The Unheard Tapes
The Mystery of Marilyn Monroe: The Unheard Tapes
6.3
Laissez-faire
Laissez-faire
10
7 Days in Havana
7 Days in Havana
5.7
Karl Marx und seine Erben
Karl Marx und seine Erben
7
Leap of Faith: William Friedkin on The Exorcist
Leap of Faith: William Friedkin on The Exorcist
7.3
Tasmanian Devil: The Fast and Furious Life of Errol Flynn
Tasmanian Devil: The Fast and Furious Life of Errol Flynn
9
The Inconclusive Independence
The Inconclusive Independence
6.5
The Adventures of Errol Flynn
The Adventures of Errol Flynn
7.8
The Boys from Brazil: Rise of the Bolsonaros
The Boys from Brazil: Rise of the Bolsonaros
8.5
Topaz
Topaz
6
Summer of Soul (...Or, When the Revolution Could Not Be Televised)
Summer of Soul (...Or, When the Revolution Could Not Be Televised)
7.6
Memória Cubana
Memória Cubana
0
Rat Pack
Rat Pack
9
Scarface
Scarface
8.2
JFK
JFK
7.6
Wasp Network
Wasp Network
6.1
Laboratory Greece
Laboratory Greece
8
The Irishman
The Irishman
7.6
Logo
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